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Qurbani Rules

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Qurbani Rules

What Are the Rules on Qurbani?

Qurbani is an important act of faith for every Nisab-eligible Muslim and should be performed according to the Sunnah in order to ensure it is received well by Allah (swt). So, what are the most crucial rules for a successful Qurbani?

Qurbani Rules and FAQs

As we enter the blessed month of Dhul Hijjah and approach the festival of Eid al-Adha, many of us are starting to plan our Qurbani sacrifice. This year, the first day of Eid al-Adha falls on the 20th of July, so this leaves us little time to research and book our sacrifice as soon as possible.

To make it easy for you, here are the answers to your most common questions about Qurbani rules and how to make sure yours is compliant with the Sunnah. 

  1. What is Qurbani in Islam?

Qurbani or Udhiyah is the act of sacrificing an animal on Eid al-Adha to commemorate the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (AS) to offer his own son as a sacrifice to God.

The sacrifice is a way for us to get closer to Allah (swt) and a symbol of our Tawakkul (trust) in His plan even when we can’t see the path clearly ahead of us.

2. Is Qurbani Farz or Sunnah?

Qurbani is Farz (obligatory) for all Muslims who are eligible to pay Zakat. 

It says in the Quran: “We have decreed the animal offerings for you among the rites of God.”

3. What are the benefits of Qurbani?

For the giver, the spiritual rewards of giving Qurbani are numerous. In Arabic, the word itself means “to approach” or “to get near”, so this is a way for us to move closer to God. 

It is reported that our Prophet (pbuh) said:

“A believer who performs Qurbani in sincerity will reap a reward for every hair of the animal he/she sacrifices.” (Tirmidhi)

But our sacrifice also brings a spirit of unity and happiness into our lives through the simple act of giving. Distributing Qurbani to displaced families and some of the neediest individuals in the world means everyone can celebrate the beautiful festival of Eid.

For many beneficiaries, this could very well be the only time of the year when they can afford to eat meet.

4. How do you distribute Qurbani?

At Aryana Aid, we distribute your Qurbani where most needed. We operate in some of the poorest areas of Afghanistan and Pakistan, and our local knowledge and expertise in the area ensure nobody is overlooked.

You can choose both the animal and region when you book your Qurbani with us. Because the sourcing, preparing, and distribution of the meat can take time, we encourage everyone to book early. But we will make sure to distribute all the meat in time for the Eid celebrations.

5. When is Qurbani performed?

The sacrifice must take place after the Eid Salah, on Eid-ul-Adha, any time between the 10th and the 12th day of Dhul Hijjah. Any sacrifice before Eid Salah will only count as Sadaqah, which means you still have not fulfilled your Qurbani obligation.

“I witnessed the Prophet (saw) on the Day of Nahr (or Eid day). He (saw) said, ‘Whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before offering the Eid prayer, should slaughter another sacrifice in its place; and whoever has not slaughtered their sacrifice yet, should slaughter now’“(Bukhari).

We take Qurbani orders up until the Eid prayer and sacrifice the animals over the last four days of Eid-ul-Adha, after the Eid Salah. Please be punctual with your order to make sure the meat reaches the poor in time.

6. What animals can be sacrificed? How many shares for Qurbani?

For Allah (swt) to accept the sacrifice, the animals have to be healthy, with no missing limbs or any other physical impediments. Following the Sunnah of the Prophet, they should be cattle, goats, sheep, or camels.

One Qurbani means either a small animal, like a goat, or a share in a large animal, such as a cow. Both are equally rewarded and ensure you have completed your obligation.

Choose yours:

7. Can we cut our nails and hair before Qurbani?

It is recommended for those who intend to perform Qurbani to abstain from cutting their nails and hair:

“When the ten days (of Dhul Hijjah) commence and a person has a sacrificial animal, which he intends to slaughter, then let him not cut his hair or pare his nails.” (Muslim)

The reason behind this instruction is not clearly mentioned, but we shouldn’t risk having our Qurbani rejected.

8. Can we give money instead of Qurbani?

In the past, it was customary for people to perform the sacrifice themselves and share the meat with their poor neighbours.

Nowadays, especially in the city, it is common for people to donate money to charities that perform and distribute Qurbani on their behalf. This is because many of us do not have the conditions to slaughter an animal. 

However, we have a duty to ensure our Qurbani sacrifice is carried out according to the Sunnah and we should choose a charity that fulfils this promise.

9. Can Qurbani be given in the name of a deceased person?

It is possible for you to give Qurbani on behalf of a deceased loved one, but this is not something that our Prophet (PBUH) used to do, not even for his most beloved relatives like his paternal uncle Hamzah.

10. What is a Prophetic Qurbani?

Our Prophet (pbuh) always offered an extra Qurbani on behalf of his ummah. 

“The Prophet (saw) sacrificed for the one who could not sacrifice from his Ummah, one who bore witness to the Oneness of Allah and (his) Prophethood” (Tabarani and Ahmad).

This is something you can also do and that will double your rewards for your sacrifice.

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