Aryana Aid is extremely excited to welcome Ramadan 2019. We pray that Muslims around the world fast throughout this blessed month and attain the blessings of Lailat-ul-Qadr.
FIDYA: Where a person is unable to fast due to their ill health, payment is given to feed a poor person two meals instead. Fidya is £5 per day for each individual. So, the total amount for the entire month of Ramadan would be £5 x 30 (days of fasting) = £150
KAFFARAH: If a fasting person deliberately breaks their fast they are then required to redo the fast and make a payment for the broken fast. If they are unable to do so, they should feed 60 poor people for every fast missed, at a rate of £5 per person.
This Ramadan, £70 can provide a family with a Ramadan food pack containing a whole month's supply of essentials. By giving a food pack, you can ensure that some of the world's poorest people receive a nourishing iftaar and suhoor meal for each day of Ramadan insha Allah.
Sadaqa Al-Fitr (also known as Zakatul-Fitr) is a small amount of food to be given in charity at the end of Ramadan, before the holiday (Eid) prayers. This amount is separate from the annual payment of Zakat, which is one of the pillars of Islam. Unlike Zakat, which is calculated annually as a percentage of extra wealth, the Sadaqa Al-Fitr is to be paid equally by every Muslim man, woman and child (sick or healthy,old or young) at the end of Ramadan.
Amount of Sadaqa Al-Fitr
According to the Prophet Muhammad, each person should give away in charity an amount equivalent to one sa'a (an ancient measure of volume) of grain. One sa'a is equivalent to 2.5kg (5lbs) of wheat. The senior member of the household is responsible for paying the amount on behalf of the family. The Sadaqa Al-Fitr should be given as an amount of non-perishable staple food, not cash.
The purpose of this charitable donation is to ensure that all members of the community have food to eat after Ramadan and during the Eid holiday. The recommended foods may vary according to the local diet, but traditionally include: flour/wheat, rice, barley, corn, dates and raisins.
When to Pay Sadaqa Al-Fitr? Donations must be made in the days or hours just prior to the Eid Al-Fitr holiday prayer. This prayer occurs early on the first morning of Shawwal, the month following Ramadan.
Who Benefits From Sadaqa Al-Fitr?
Sadaqa Al-Fitr is intended for members of the Muslim community who do not have enough to feed themselves and their family members. It is traditionally given directly to individuals in need. In some places, one may take the donation directly to a known needy family.
In other places, the local mosque may collect all of the food donations for distribution to appropriate community members. It is recommended that the food be donated within one's local community. However, we at Aryana Aid accept cash donations which is used to purchase food for distribution in famine or disaster-affected regions.
SADAQAH: Muslims give a lot of sadaqah to help those in need. In addition to the required alms, Muslims are encouraged to give to charity at all times according to their means. Additional, voluntary charity is called sadaqah, from an Arabic word meaning 'truth' and 'honesty'. Sadaqah may be given at any time and in any amount.
ZAKAT: Muslims who have wealth remaining over the year must pay a certain percentage to aid those in need. While it can be paid anytime during the year, many people prefer to pay it during Ramadan. Giving to charity is one of the five 'pillars' of Islam. Muslims who have wealth remaining over the year, after paying for their own basic needs, must pay a certain percentage to help others.
This almsgiving is called zakat, from an Arabic word which means both 'to purify' and 'to grow' Muslims believe that giving to others purifies their own wealth, increases its value, and causes one to recognize everything we have is a trust from God. Paying zakat is required of every adult Muslim man or woman who have wealth beyond a certain amount to meet their basic needs (called nisab in Arabic).
How Much to Pay in Zakat
The amount of money paid in zakat depends on the amount and type of wealth one possesses, but is usually considered to be a minimum of 2.5% of a person's 'extra' wealth. The specific calculations of zakat are rather detailed and dependent on individual circumstances, so zakat calculators have been developed to assist with the process.
We are pleased to submit our last year Annual Report, which shows the amazing achievements we have made with your donations, we hope this assures our donors about the commitment we always make to the programs on the ground. Review the report by clicking the image, Thank you!